eGovernance in India

Improving eGovernance in INDIA

Arunachal Pradesh, ‘the land of the dawn lit mountains’, is one of the most pristine areas in India.

Posted by egovindia on June 18, 2006

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Arunachal Pradesh, 'the land of the dawn lit mountains', is one of the most pristine areas in India. The history of Arunachal Pradesh is a virtual treasure trove of myths and fascinating traditions, but the recorded history of this state is available only from the 16th century onwards, when the Ahom kings began to rule Assam. Since 1947, it was a part of the North East Frontier Agency and was later made a Union Territory. Arunachal Pradesh was made a full fledged state on 20th February, 1987.

Tribal dancer Arunachal Pradesh is skirted by Bhutan on the west, China on the north-east, Myanmar on the east and by the Indian state of Assam on the southern side. It mainly consists of verdant mountainous ranges sloping to the plains of Assam, and has the largest area in the north-east region.

94 percent of the population in the state lives in the rural belt. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Arunachal Pradesh. The principal crop of this area is rice, and other important crops include maize, millets, wheat, pulses, potato, sugarcane and oilseeds. The ecological conditions are suitable for horticulture and fruits like pineapple, orange, lemon, papaya, plum, pear, guava, cherries, walnut and peach thrive here.

Arunachal Pradesh is well endowed with an abundant forest cover, mineral, and hydel power resources. Coal reserves of the state comprising of the Namchik-Namphuk coal mine in Tirap district, are estimated at 90 million tonnes and the crude oil reserves are estimated to be 1.5 million tonnes. Deposits of dolomite, limestone, graphite, quartzite, kyanite, mica, iron and copper are also reported to be found here.

The greatest attraction of the state is its dazzling array of flora and fauna, in a habitat that combines glacial terrain, alpine meadows, and sub-tropical rain forests. Places of tourist interest in the state include Bomdila, Tawang and the nearby Buddhist monastery, which happens to be the largest in India. Itanagar is famous for its excavated ruins of the historical Ita Fort, and the attractive Gyaker Sinyi or the Ganga Lake. Malinithan and Bhismaknagar are the two important archaeological sites in the state, and Parashuram Kund is a prominent pilgrimage site. Namdapha Wildlife sanctuary in the Changlang district is home to the rare Hoolock gibbon.


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